Description: This breed is hardy, energetic, merry and lovable, sweet and affectionate. This lively dog is excellent with kids: gentle and playful, but does not tolerate teasing well. It is sociable with strangers, a moderate barker, and obeys respectfully the orders it is given.
English Cocker Spaniels are superior companion dogs and, generally, an outgoing breed, but some individuals can be reserved. Temperament varies widely, so research individual lines. Some bitches are fairly dominant and should not be placed with a non-dominant owner. Males tend to be more cooperative. Field lines may be too active to make good pets. Cockers should be trained very gently, but firmly, as they are sensitive but also independent and intelligent. They can do well with cats in the household.
The name Cocker comes from the woodcock, a bird this spaniel originally was bred to hunt. Cockers also are good at hunting other birds. They are excellent retrievers with delicate mouths. The English Cocker hunts well in difficult terrain. These days, the English Cocker is more often a companion dog due to his good-natured disposition. The talents of this breed are tracking, hunting, retrieving and as a watchdog.
Height: Female 15-16 inches, Male 16-17 inches
Weight: Female 26-32 Ibs, Male 28-34 Ibs
Colors: Has various colors which are either clearly marked, ticked or roaned, the white appearing in combination with black, liver or shades of red.
Coat: On head it has short and fine, medium length on body and flat or slightly wavy silky in texture.
Temperament: The English Cocker is merry and affectionate, of equable disposition, neither sluggish nor hyperactive, a willing worker and a faithful and engaging companion.
With Children: yes
With Pets: Yes
Care and Training: Regular combing and brushing of the coat is important. Some coats are particularly profuse, cottony and prone to matting. Others are more silky and flat-laying. Coat type varies substantially within the breed. Bathe or dry shampoo as necessary. Check the ears for grass seeds and signs of infection. Clean out excess wax regularly. Brush the hair on the feet down over the toes and trim it level with the base of the feet. Trim the hair around the pads, but not between the toes. Brush out burrs and tangles after the dog has been playing in the grassy fields or woods. This breed is an average shedder.
Activity: The English Cocker Spaniel enjoys as much exercise as it is given.
Living Environment: This breed will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. It does best with at least an average-sized yard.
Health Issues: Prone to ear infections. During the summer, the ears should be checked often. Hanging close to the ground as they do, they can become host to ticks or burr, often the cause of deafness.
Life Span: About 12-15 years.
Country of Origin: England
History: The English Spaniels were divided into seven breeds; the Clumber, the Sussex, the Welsh Springer, the English Springer, the Field, the Irish Water Spaniel, and the Cocker. All these Spaniels derive from a spaniel-type dog imported into England centuries ago. The Cocker and Springer Spaniels developed together, with only size differentiating them until 1892 when the Kennel Club of England recognized them as separate breeds. Later, in the 1940's, the American and Canadian Kennel Clubs recognized the English Cocker Spaniel as a separate breed from the American Cocker Spaniel. The name Cocker comes from the woodcock, a bird this spaniel was originally bred to hunt. Cockers are also good at hunting other birds. They are excellent retrievers with delicate mouths.
First REgistered by the AKC: 1946
AKC Group: Sporting