Description: Though these dogs are small, they arenít to be pampered life. Cairn Terriers are likely to wriggle out of laps or long hugs. They prefer to explore and play lively games, and can be equally happy in the city or on the farm. Ultimately, the Cairn deeply desires to be a part of his beloved family or the life of its owner/handler, even if he does seem independent at times.
These dogs are alert, intelligent, extremely active, playful and long-lived. Because of their working background, they like to dig. They were bred as den burrowers to hunt foxes, otters, rabbits and badgers. Cairn Terriers are best suited to a where they will reared with firm, consistent discipline. They love the training process and the praise.
Height: 10 - 12 inches
Weight: 13 - 16 lbs.
Colors: Cream, wheaten, red, gray or nearly black. No white.
Coat: Hard, longer, outer coat, an abundant soft undercoat. Weather resistant.
Temperament: Bold, alert, intelligent, gentle
With Children: Yes, enjoys children's playful activity.
With Pets: Yes, but males of this breed may tend to fight themselves.
Special Skills: vermin destroyer, hunting dog, and family pet.
Care and Training: Never scissors trim his coat, except for the shaping of the feet. Weekly brushing or rubbing with a damp towel. Minimal bathing. Pay special attention to the teeth and nails. Exercise should consist of free roaming in a fenced yard or daily walks. As an earth dog and digger, he will leave holes in your backyard and should be trained not to.
Learning Rate: Very High, Obedience - Medium, Problem Solving - High
Activity: Indoors - Very High, Outdoors - Medium
Living Environment: House with a yard, apartment, country or city the Cairn Terrier will thieves in any environment as long as he receives attention and exercise.
Health Issues: Allergies, dislocating kneecaps and hereditary eye diseases.
Life Span: 12 - 15 Years
Litter Size: 3 - 5
Country of Origin: Great Britain
History: Originating in the Western Highlands, he is likely a cross between the White Terrier and the Black and Tan Terrier. He was introduced in the world of dog shows in the early 1900's. The white dogs of this breed became the West Highland White Terriers. He is best known as Toto in the Wizard of Oz.
First Registered by the AKC: 1913
AKC Group: Terrier